“… You should say what you mean,” the March Hare went on.
“I do,” Alice hastily replied; “at least–at least I mean what I say–that’s
the same thing, you know.”
“Not the same thing a bit!” said the Hatter. “You might just as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same thing as ‘I eat what I see!” – Alice In Wonderland
A simple sentence contains a single subject and predicate. It describes only one thing, idea or question, and has only one verb – it contains only an independent (main) clause.
Any independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. It has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.
Complex Sentences describe more than one thing or idea and have more than one verb in them. They are made up of more than one clause, an independent clause (that can stand by itself) and a dependent (subordinate) clause (which cannot stand by itself).
Compound Sentences are made up of two or more simple sentences combined using a conjunction such as and, or or but. They are made up of more than one independent clause joined together with a co-ordinating conjunction.
The Anatomy of a Sentence
More Advance Terminology
What is a clause?
A clause is a part of a sentence. There are two main types: independent (main clauses), dependent (subordinate clauses).
English Preposition List
There are about 150 prepositions in English. Yet this is a very small number when you think of the thousands of other words (nouns, verbs etc). Prepositions are important words. We use individual prepositions more frequently than other individual words.
List of English Prepositions
Preposition + (article) + noun + preposition
English has many idiomatic expressions that act as prepositions that can be analyzed as a preposition followed by a noun (sometimes preceded by the definite or, occasionally, indefinite article) followed by another preposition.
4 Tips for Constructing a Sentence
The words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles. Learn to use the Proper Articles.
Subject and Verb Agreement
The basic rule in sentence construction states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb.
Prepositions are important in sentence construction. There are different kinds of prepositions: for direction (to, on, in, onto, into), for location (at, in, on), and for time and place.
Know which Punctuation Marks to use Correctly
Study how the different punctuation marks are used in a sentence. Learn to distinguish between the use of a comma, a semicolon, and a colon.