Monthly Archives: February 2014

Sentence Construction

ALICE IN WONDERLAND

“… You should say what you mean,” the March Hare went on.
“I do,” Alice hastily replied; “at least–at least I mean what I say–that’s
the same thing, you know.”
“Not the same thing a bit!” said the Hatter. “You might just as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same thing as ‘I eat what I see!” – Alice In Wonderland

What Makes A Complete Sentence?

Simple Sentences
Compound Sentences
Complex Sentences

A simple sentence contains a single subject and predicate. It describes only one thing, idea or question, and has only one verb – it contains only an independent (main) clause.

Any independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. It has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.

Complex Sentences describe more than one thing or idea and have more than one verb in them. They are made up of more than one clause, an independent clause (that can stand by itself) and a dependent (subordinate) clause (which cannot stand by itself).

Compound Sentences are made up of two or more simple sentences combined using a conjunction such as and, or or but. They are made up of more than one independent clause joined together with a co-ordinating conjunction.

The Anatomy of a Sentence

Verbs
Subjects
Predicates

More Advance Terminology

Objects
Transitive/Intransitive
Adverbials
Complements

What is a clause?
A clause is a part of a sentence. There are two main types: independent (main clauses), dependent (subordinate clauses).

English Preposition List
There are about 150 prepositions in English. Yet this is a very small number when you think of the thousands of other words (nouns, verbs etc). Prepositions are important words. We use individual prepositions more frequently than other individual words.

List of English Prepositions
Preposition + (article) + noun + preposition
English has many idiomatic expressions that act as prepositions that can be analyzed as a preposition followed by a noun (sometimes preceded by the definite or, occasionally, indefinite article) followed by another preposition.

4 Tips for Constructing a Sentence

Indefinite And Definite Articles

The words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles. Learn to use the Proper Articles.

Subject and Verb Agreement

The basic rule in sentence construction states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb.

Know the problems with Prepositions

Prepositions are important in sentence construction. There are different kinds of prepositions: for direction (to, on, in, onto, into), for location (at, in, on), and for time and place.

Know which Punctuation Marks to use Correctly

Study how the different punctuation marks are used in a sentence. Learn to distinguish between the use of a comma, a semicolon, and a colon.

Adverb

What Is An Adverb

Adverbs

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. Adverbs typically answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. This function is called the adverbial function, and is realized not just by single words (i.e., adverbs) but by adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses.

English Grammar Revolution

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